What is abuse?

Child abuse is any form of physical, emotional or sexual mistreatment or lack of care that leads to injury or harm.

Abuse (also called significant harm) can happen to a child at any age. Abusers can be any adults, not only parents or carers. Abuse often occurs within a relationship of trust e.g. a teacher, carer, family friend or youth leader.

There are four main types of child abuse.