Sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child or young person to take part in sexual activities including prostitution, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including penetrative (e.g. rape, or oral sex) or non-penetrative acts. They may include non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, online sexual images, watching sexual acts, or encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways.
In sport, coaching techniques which involve physical contact with children could potentially create situations where sexual abuse may go unnoticed. The power of the coach over young performers, if misused, may also lead to abusive situations developing.